Thuyết hư vô – Wikipedia tiếng Việt

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Fathers and Sons written in the early 1860s by Encyclopaedia of Philosophy (Macmillan, 1967) Vol. 5, “Nihilism”, 514 ff. This source states as follows: “On the one hand, the term is widely used to denote the doctrine that moral norms or standards cannot be justified by rational argument. On the other hand, it is widely used to denote a mood of despair over the emptiness or triviality of human existence. This double meaning appears to derive from the fact that the term was often employed in the nineteenth century by the religiously oriented as a club against atheists, atheists being regarded as ipso facto nihilists in both senses. The

Bazarov, the protagonist in the classic workwritten in the early 1860s by Ivan Turgenev, is quoted as saying nihilism is “just cursing”, cited in(Macmillan, 1967) Vol. 5, “Nihilism”, 514. This source states as follows: “On the one hand, the term is widely used to denote the doctrine that moral norms or standards cannot be justified by rational argument. On the other hand, it is widely used to denote a mood of despair over the emptiness or triviality of human existence. This double meaning appears to derive from the fact that the term was often employed in the nineteenth century by the religiously oriented as a club against atheists, atheists being regarded asnihilists in both senses. The atheist, it was held [by the religiously oriented], would not feel bound by moral norms; consequently, he would tend to be callous or selfish, even criminal” (at p. 515).

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